Категория: Английский язык

Условие задачи (тема реферата, контрольной, курсовой работы или диплома):

Тихоокеанский Государственный Университет (ТОГУ)

Кафедра иностранных языков

1 курс 1 семестр.

Вариант 2.

I.  Перепишите следующие предложения, определите в каждом из них видовременную форму и залог глагола сказуемого. Переведите предложения на русский язык.

  1. When much had been done in the study of ecology by our institute it became an important scientific centre.
  2. Buses were introduced first in Paris in 1820.
  3. Mathematics is loved by many, disliked by a few, admired and re-spected by all.
  4. Rome was not built in a day.

 

II. Перепишите следующие предложения и переведите их на русский язык, обращая внимание на разные значения слов it, that, one.

  1. It is necessary to find new sources of cheap energy.
  2. It was Einstein who came to the conclusion that the electromagnetic field is influenced by the gravitational field.
  3. This metro station was opened last year, and that one will be put into operation in two years.
     

III. Перепишите предложения и переведите их на русский язык, обращая внимание на разные значения c лов tobe, tohave, todo.

  1. Man had to learn to obtain electric power directly from the Sun.
  2. At present most of the industrial enterprises have their own electric power stations.
  3. We do not use solar cells in industry as they are too expensive.
  4. Specialists are to study the problem of protecting the environ-ment.

 

IV. Перепишите следующие предложения и переведите их на русский язык, обращая внимание на бессоюзное подчинение.

  1. Every task a computer does must be programmed.
  2. Some new facts he mentioned were interesting and important.

 

V. Перепишите следующие предложения и переведите их на русский язык, обращая внимание на функцию инфинитива в предложении.

  1. The teacher told her students to learn the poem by heart.
  2. Russia was the first country to send man into space.
  3. To translate a sentence is to dis-cover its meaning.
  4. People all over the world are uniting to fight against the threat of terrorism.

 

VI. Прочитайте и устно переведите с 1-го по 3-й абзацы текста. Перепишите и письменно переведите 2-й и 3-й абзацы.

1. It is common knowledge that certain metals and their al-loys are attracted by a magnet. After heating, this property van-ishes; it is restored after cooling down. A new magneto-heat en-gine1 works on this principle. This invention relates to devices which transform thermal power, for instance, the power of the sun rays, into a mechanical power of rotation

2. We know solar power is inexhaustible and its use does not harm the environment. That's why such importance is attached to the devices which make it possible to apply the idea of direct use of solar power, transforming it into mechanical forms of power. The development of an engine directly driven by a heat source such as solar power makes it possible to simplify and make power generation considerably cheaper, in comparison to the existing thermal engines we use today.

3. The rotor of the new en-gine is made of an alloy that loses its magnetic properties already at 100 °C. If the rotor is heated on one side, the cold side of the rotor will turn toward the magnet. Since heating continues the rotor goes on rotating, too. Thus solar power can be used as a source of heat in this case. The magneto-heat engine can drive pumps in waterless districts, it can also be widely used for watering greenery in cities and settlements.

 

VII. Прочитайте 4-й абзац текста и вопрос к нему. Из приведенных вариантов ответа укажите номер предложения, содержащего правильный ответ на поставленный вопрос:

4. By using thermo-magnetic alloys it is possible to develop a lot of automatic devices, for example, solar clocks, thermometers, etc. Mention should be made that these devices can withstand extreme temperatures. To organize the production of the necessary alloys is simple as there is no need for rare materials or complex technology.
 

Why are thermomagnetic alloys used in the production of automatic devices?



Связанные файлы методических указаний (методички):

ТОГУ Английский язык. Методические указания к выполнению контрольной работы №1. Химухина Т.С.


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Автор: TY03061993 (посмотреть информацию)
Добавлено: 10.04.2015 23:57
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