Категория: Английский язык

Условие задачи (тема реферата, контрольной, курсовой работы или диплома):

Тихоокеанский Государственный Университет (ТОГУ)

1 курс 1 семестр.

Вариант 3.

I. Перепишите следующие предложения, определите в каждом из них видовременную  форму и  залог глагола сказуемого. Переведите предложения на русский язык.

  1. The radar has been used for the automatic control of transport.
  2. Today plastics are being widely used instead of metals.
  3. The construction of the bridge has been completed this month.
  4. The documents were carefully looked through by the company manager.

 

II. Перепишите следующие предложения и переведите их на русский язык, обращая внимание на разные значения слов it , that , one .

  1. It is the number of electrons within the atom that determines the properties of a substance.
  2. The area of Khabarovsk Terrtory i s two times larger than that of Japan .
  3. In London one must get used to the left - side traffic.

 

III. Перепишите предложения и переведите их на русский язык, обращая внимание на разные значения c лов tobe , tohave , todo .

  1. Some substances do not conduct heat.
  2. Our plant is to increase the output of consumer goods.
  3. Soon our industry will h ave new and cheap sources of en ergy.
  4. These computers will have to perform millions o f opera tions per second.

 

IV. Перепишите следующие предложения и переведите их на русский язык, обращая внимание на бессоюзное подчинение.

  1. The dormitory our students live in is situated not far from the university.
  2. I think he has made a mistake in his calculations.

 

V. Перепишите следующие предложения и переведите их на русский язык, обращая внимание на функцию инфинитива в предложении.

  1. They promised to supply us with the necessary equipment.
  2. The work of an architect is to design buildings which are beautiful to look at as well as useful.
  3. The experiment to be carried ou t is of great importance for our research.
  4. To convert chemical energy into electrical energy we must use an electrical cell.

VI. Прочитайте и устно переведите с  1 - го по 3 - -й и 3 - й абзацы.
Пояснения к тексту

  1. transmissionshafts, gearwheels, beltsandpulleys – трансмиссионные валы , зубчатые колеса, ремни и блоки
  2. timeandlaboursavingappliances – электроприборы, экономящие время и деньги
  3. inductionmotors – индукционные моторы
  4. percapita – на душу населения
  5. by  – побочные продукты

ELECTRICITY
1. It is impossible to imagine our civilization without electricity. With the appearance of the electrical motor, power cables replaced transmission shafts, gear wheels, belts and pulleys 1 in the 19 - th century workshops. At home various time and labour saving appliances 2 have become a part of our everydaylives. Other devices are based on specific properties of electricity: electrostatics in the case of photocopying machine and electromagnetism in the ca se of radar and television. The first industrial application was in the silver workshops in Paris. The generator (a new compact source of electricity) was also developed there. The generator replaced the batteries and other devices that had been used before.

2. Electric lighting came into wide use at the end of the 19 - th century with the development of the electric lamp by Thomas Edison. T he two scientists Lodygyn and Yablochkov were the first in Russia to work in the field of electrical engineering. Later the transformer was invented, the first electric lines and networks were set up, dynamos and induction 3 motors were designed. Since the beginning of the 20 - th century the successful development of electricity has begun throughout the industrial world. 3 . Today consumption of electricity per capita 4 is an indicator of the economic development of a nation. Electricity has replaced o ther sources of energy as it has been realized that it offers improved service at reduced cost. No other source of energy has be en so widely used as electricity. One of the greatest advantages of electricity is that it is ecologically clean, easily - regulated and generates no by - products

5. Applications of electricity now cover all fields of human activity from house washing machines to the latest laser devices. Truly electricity provides mankind with the energy of the future.

 

VII. Прочитайте вопрос к тексту. Из приведенных вариантов ответа укажите номер предложения, содержащего правильный ответ на поставленный вопрос:

What isone of the greatest advantages of electricity?

  1. It generates by products.
  2. It is ecologically clean and cheap.
  3. It replaced transmission


Связанные файлы методических указаний (методички):

ТОГУ Английский язык. Методические указания к выполнению контрольной работы №1. Химухина Т.С.


Формат файлов решений: .docx (Word документ)
Автор: TY03061993 (посмотреть информацию)
Добавлено: 10.04.2015 23:44
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